FRIED, ERICH (1921–1988), Austrian poet. Born in Vienna into an assimilated Jewish family, Fried was forced to flee to Great Britain after the annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938 and spent the remainder of his life in an English-speaking environment. In the late 1940s Fried worked intermittently for BBC radio until in 1952 he got full-time employment as a political commentator. Simultaneously he made various translations into German of English literature, including texts by John Donne, John Milton, Thomas Hardy, Rudyard Kipling, and T.S. Eliot, arousing the interest of German publishers and leading to the appearance of his own work. He published his first political poems in the collection called Die Vertriebenen (1941) and broached the subject of guilt in the poems of Deutschland (1944). The poems of Oesterreich (1945) followed in the formal footsteps of expressionistic antiwar verse. From the 1960s Fried also focused on European Jewry. He wrote poems about the Holocaust in Anfechtungen (1967) and Warngedichte (1964). These poems reflect the poet's attempts to come to terms with the Holocaust and his fear of another war. His only novel, Ein Soldat und ein Maedchen (1960), is a provocative love story involving an Allied soldier and a young female camp warden and reflects his harsh criticism of postwar Germany. In the following years Fried focused on contemporary social problems. Vietnam und (1966) contains shocking political poems using satirical elements and newspaper clippings to arouse the reader. In Höre, Israel (1967), a collection of anti-Zionist poems, Fried extended his political criticism to Israel and provoked heated discussion, as was the case with So kam ich unter die Deutschen (1977), which sought understanding for the motives of the German Red Army Faction terrorist group (Baader-Meinhof). Fried's collection of love poems, Liebesgedichte (1979), was very popular. Among his short prose works Kinder und Narren (1965) and Das Unmass aller Dinge (1982) are worthy of mention. Formal recognition came late in Fried's life. In 1973 he received the Austrian Wuerdigungspreis fuer Literatur and in 1980 the Preis der Stadt Wien fuer Literatur. Recognition from the Federal Republic of Germany came in the 1980s with the most prestigious West German literary award, the Georg-Buechner-Preis for his poetry and for his Shakespeare translations. Fried was a member of the German PEN Center and from 1986 on corresponding member of the Deutsche Akademie fuer Sprache und Dichtung. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: C. Jessen (ed.), Erich Fried: eine Chronik; Leben und Werk; das biographische Lesebuch (1998); G. Lampe, "Ichwill mich erinnern / an alles was man vergisst": Erich Fried, Biographie und Werk eines "deutschen Dichters" (1998); N. Luer: Formund Engagement: Untersuchungen zur Dichtung und Aesthetik Erich Frieds (2004). (Ann-Kristin Koch (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fried, Erich — (1921 88)    Austrian writer. In 1938 his parents were arrested and he fled the Nazis, settling in England. After the war he worked on periodicals and then was a political commentator for the BBC. From 1946 he worked on a novel Ein Soldat und ein …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Erich fried — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erich. Erich Fried. Erich Fried (* 6 mai 1921 à Vienne; † 22 novembre 1988 à Baden Baden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich Fried — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Fried Erich Fried en 1981 Nombre Erich Fried …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erich Fried — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erich. Erich Fried. Erich Fried (né le 6 mai 1921 à Vienne et mort le 22 novembre 1988 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prénom comme Éric en Allemand Erich Abraham Erich Auerbach Erich Bärenfänger Erich Bautz Erich Beer Erich Carl Walter Erich Dethleffsen Erich Eliskases …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich Fried — (r.) im Gespräch mit (v.l.) Franz Fühmann, Alfred Wellm und Volker Braun während der „Berliner Begegnung zur Friedensförderung“ vom 13. bis. 14. Dezember 1981. Erich Fried (* 6. Mai 1921 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fried — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Hermann Fried (1864–1921), österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller Amelie Fried (* 1958), deutsche Schriftstellerin und Moderatorin, Tochter Kurt Frieds Erich Fried (1921–1988),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erich Fried — (6 May, 1921 mdash; November 22, 1988) was an Austrian poet settled in England, known for his political minded poetry. He was also a broadcaster, translator and essayist. Born to Jewish parents Nelly and Hugo Fried in Vienna, he was a child actor …   Wikipedia

  • Fried — may refer to: * Fried (album), a 1984 album by Julian Cope *Frying of food * Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver Jacobson, a law firm *Fried, a TV series (2000)Fried is also a surname derived from de. Frieden, peace , and may refer to: * Alfred Hermann …   Wikipedia

  • Fried — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Fried est un nom de famille porté par quelque personnes dont : Alfred Hermann Fried (1864 1921), journaliste autrichien, Prix Nobel de la …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”